A Study of the Effect of the International Smoking Ban on World Wide Tourism

Abstract:

This study will examine the effects of smoking bans on world-wide tourism. Experts are concerned that bans could affect the number of tourism dollars circulated if there is ban on smoking. Our preliminary research leads scientists to believe that tourism will not be affected.

Introduction:

There are over 90 countries in the world that have banned smoking in public places. Some of these bans are accompanied by hefty fines and even jail time in some instances. One such country, Zambia, has imposed a two year jail sentence and a K400,000 fine for smoking in a public place. With the recent lawsuits that have proven the presence of harmful carcinogens in cigarettes and the harmful effects of breathing second-hand smoke, more countries are recognizing that banning smoking will save lives.

According to a new Gallup poll conducted in 2011, 59% of Americans support a ban and 19% think that smoking should be illegal. In 2001, only 39% of Americans were in favor of a public smoking ban. However, making smoking illegal has not gained as much support as banning the product in public places. Since the majority of Americans support the ban and many countries have implemented a ban on smoking in public places, experts must also examine how this will affect tourism.

Methods:

Several scientific articles will be studied to determine the validity of this claim. Experts have studied the effects on tourism in locations where smoking is currently banned in order to determine how this might affect tourism world-wide. Results from target markets will be examined to determine how this data may foreshadow the effects of a world-wide smoking ban.

Results:

According to one study conducted by Clean Air, Clean Lungs restaurant smoking bans have not significantly affected smoking bans in California. In fact, the hotel revenue in half the states studied actually increased when smoking laws were enforced, according to The Journal of the American Medical Association. The study also showed that the smoking ban in other foreign countries outside of the United States did not have a significant effect on restaurant sales.

Furthermore, researchers conducted research on the hotel revenues in several states including Utah, Vermont and California. Boulder, Colorado, Flagstaff, Arizona, Mesa, Arizona, New York City, New York, San Francisco, California and Los Angeles, California were also included in the study. Because of a preponderance of smokers, experts expected a smoking ban to affect tourism. However, the studies showed quite the opposite.

California, Vermont and Utah actually saw an increase in the number of hotel receipts after the smoking laws took effect. Many visitors from Japan came to the United States after the smoking bans. New York City received more European visitors after the smoking ban. Europeans are more supportive of smoking restrictions than Americans. Los Angeles and four other cities showed no significant changes in the hotel sales. Only Flagstaff, Arizona experienced a decreasing in hotel revenues.

Discussion:

After reviewing several articles, most studies show that either tourism will not be affected or hotel revenues will actually increase. Some experts were concerned that smoking would affect revenue of night clubs and bars. Further studies should include both of these businesses to determine how this part of tourism will be affected by an International smoking ban. Restaurants and hotels either saw no effect or an increase in the majority of cities studied.

Conclusion:

Banning smoking will only save lives by reducing known carcinogens in the air and will not instrumentally affect tourism revenue. There is no reason why a city should not consider a smoking ban in public locations according to the recent polls and studies conducting. With the majority of countries implementing smoking bans, many expect cigarettes may become illegal over time. Although, only 19% of Americans feel that cigarettes should be illegal. As smoking bans continue around the world, e-Cigarettes will become a viable option for smokers.